Euchre - Tournaments Rules

These rules may be copied or posted on any website or blog

The Deal

To determine the first deal of the game, cards are dealt face up until a player receives any Jack. That player becomes the dealer. Subsequently, the deal rotates clockwise each hand.

Cards must be properly shuffled. The deck is then offered for a "cut" to the player seated to the right of the dealer. A cut card is provided and must be used to cover the bottom card of the deck during dealing.

  Cards may be dealt in groups of 2's and 3's, or 1 at a time. It is always the dealer's choice as to the preference of deal style; however, that person's deal style must be maintained during the entire round.


Once the 21st card has been turned up, the deal is considered finished, and bidding may commence.

Starting with the player to the left of the dealer (Eldest hand), each player in turn has the option to bid. If passed, the option to bid passes to next player (clockwise rotation). The only language which is allowed during the 1st round of bidding is: "Pass", "Pick it up", or "Alone". The bidder may not use descriptive phrases that give clues such as "Let's try clubs", "I think I can", and so on. A warning is given for the first offense. For subsequent offenses, the offending team loses its right to bid and the opposing team is awarded two points. Exceptionally, the dealer may simply pick up the card to indicate they declare that suit as trump, or simply turn over the card to indicate they pass, with no verbal comment.  

Another player may request (order) the dealer to pick up the up card with any holding in that suit, or even if void in that suit. If the dealer's partner tells the dealer to "Pick it up" the partner is not required to go alone.

If all players pass, the up card is turned face down in the kitty and a second round of bidding commences. In this second bidding round the bidder must state their intentions by saying the name of the trump suit (the turned down suit cannot be called).

If in the second round of bidding the first 3 players pass, the dealer is obligated to declare trump from the remaining 3 suits (aka "Stick the Dealer"). This speeds up game play.

Once trump is declared the dealer places the trump cube (see definition below) on top of the kitty, showing the declared trump suit. No player is subsequently allowed to ask which suit is trump.


Any player declaring a Loner must clearly state this intention by saying "Alone". They may not use phrases such as "I'm trying it," "Sit this one out, partner," "It's all mine," etc. When a player declares a Loner, his/her partner must drop their hand face down on the table, in the middle position (not to their left or right side). The partner is not allowed to look at the kitty during a loner attempt.  

"Defending loners" (see definition below) are NOT allowed. 


Cards are not to be tossed into the middle of the table. Instead, each player makes their play by placing a card in front of them on the table (forming a "square"). At the end of the hand, each player pushes their card to the winner of each trick. The person winning the trick neatly puts it face down in their area. The person that takes the trick must retrieve the trick and store it in front of them, keeping each trick separate. Do not push a trick you have taken to your partner for storage so the tricks will be all together; each player must rake in their own trick. This is done to enable the tournament director to prove a renege. (The trick in front of you will be evidence as to what suit you trumped).

If a team member bids alone, his partner may retrieve the tricks.

"Tramming" (see definition below) is not allowed. Cards must be played completely out.  

A card laid is a card played


* If the bidding team takes 3 or 4 tricks in a hand they score 1 point

* If the bidding team takes all 5 tricks in a hand they score 2 points.

* If a team member goes alone and takes 3 or 4 tricks, that team scores 1 point.

* If a team member goes alone and takes all 5 tricks, that team scores 4 points

* In a standard progressive event (see definition below), on a lone call, the person making the call scores 5 points and his partner scores 4 points.
A total of 8 hands are played, with everyone dealing twice.

* If bidding team fails to take 3 tricks (aka euchre) the opposing team scores 2 points. Same scoring if the bidding team was going Alone.

* The first team reaching a score of 10 points wins the round (game). A total of 13 points per game is possible.


DO NOT make your own Rulings! Please call the Tournament Director (TD)  

RENEGE: - There are no exceptions to the ruling for a Renege: The hand is over, the offending team loses their bid and the non-offending team scores two points. In the case of a renege during a Loner attempt, the non-offending team scores 4 points.

If a renege is alleged but ultimately not proven, the team falsely accused by their opponent's scores 2 points.

BID OUT OF TURN: - All play stops for that hand and the non-offending team scores two points.

The non-offending team may void the out of turn bid and be allowed to call alone (the offending team will score no penalty points), but do so at their own risk as standard scoring will apply.

LEAD OUT OF TURN: - All play stops for that hand and the non-offending team scores two points (four points if on a lone call).

If you are new to the game, may I suggest reading

How to play the game of Euchre

Obsolete Rules
( have been replaced by standard rules )

Natural Trump - (not widely endorsed)

This rule states that you must hold the suit of the turned card in your hand in order to pick it up, or order into the dealer's hand.

Farmers Hand - (not widely endorsed)

A 'farmer's hand' is a hand that contains all 9's and 10's. It is also known as 'No Ace No Face'. If anyone gets these cards, the hand is void and re-dealt by the same dealer.

A 'farmer's hand - 2' There is another variation that states a re-deal is only allowed if, after trump has been named, a hand contains all 9's and 10's and no trump.

Going Under - AKA Playing bottoms - (not widely endorsed)

Going under is sometimes called playing the kitty, playing bottoms or playing under the table. While the rule varies slightly from place to place, it allows for someone that holds a 'farmers hand' (see above) to swap any three cards from their hand with the three bottom cards that are left in the kitty.

   * As far as I can tell the above rules came about to give inexperienced players, and children a chance to win. Most euchre enthusiasts find that these rules take away from the game.

Defending or Challenging alone

There is an interesting variation to the standard set of rules that can add an exciting twist to the game: defending alone.
If a player calls alone, another player can declare they want to defend or challenge alone. In this case, the two play against each other while their partners sit out. If the player calling the lone takes three or more tricks, their team gets 4 points. If they don't take at least 3 tricks then the opposing team gets 4 points. Only players that bid after the lone caller are eligible to defend alone; any player that has already passed is not.

Irregularities Not Cover in Standard Rules

The following list covers those rare situations that may come up in a euchre game, Although not covered in the standard rule set, these unwritten rules should be followed.

* If the cards are dealt by the wrong player and discovered after the first trick is played, the deal stands.

* Once the up card is turned, the deal is considered complete, and naming of trump may begin.

* If an incorrect number of cards are found to have been dealt to any player before the first lead, the hand is void and re-dealt by the same player. If discovered after the first lead (during play), the hand is void and the deal passes to the next player.

* If first seat leads a card before dealer discards, the card must remain in play for that hand and cannot be retrieved. It also no longer has any value and the hand cannot be won by first seat. The first lead passes to second seat.

* If 1st seat leads a card before dealer discards, the card must remain in play. It can not be retrieved. It no longer has any value. The first lead now goes to the second seat

* Dealer must be giving reasonable time to discard, but cannot be reminded to do so.

* If the dealer fails to discard, the opposition scores 2 points (or 4 points if lone hand was called by opposition).The deal is passed to the next player.

* If a player declares alone and their partner plays a card, the lone call is canceled and the hand is played as normal hand.

* If a renege is alleged, any team member has the right to look back at any previously played hand. He must, however, wait until the hand in play is complete.

* If during a trick, two different players renege, the penalty is against the first renege and the second renege is canceled.

* A point must be marked before the end of the next hand. Once the next point is made, any prior points made, but not marked up, are forfeited.

* If in the second round of bidding someone tries to name the turned down suit as trump, their team forfeits the right to bid on that hand.

* If a card falls out of a hand face-up, the card is left on the table and must be played at the first legal opportunity. The card has no value and cannot take a trick. If the offending player has the next lead, they must lead that card, others must follow suit if possible.

* When playing a card, if the card has been extended far enough that any other player can see its face, then the card is considered played. It cannot be placed back in hand.

* Once a trick is complete, the cards must be turned face down, and no one may look at them until the end of the round (except when a renege is alleged).

Euchre Terminology

Standard partners game :  Euchre is played by 4 players in 2 partnerships sitting across from one another. The first team reaching 10 points wins.

Standard progressive game :  Partnership set-up as above, but each player deals twice for a total of 8 deals. The highest score at the end wins. Ties go to the first team to make the tying score (i.e., last team to score loses).

Euchre Deck :  The Euchre deck is a twenty-four card deck consisting of the
space 9, 10, J, Q, K, and A of each of the four suits.

1st seat :  Left hand opponent of the dealer (AKA LHO, eldest)

2nd seat :  Dealer's partner

3rd seat :  Right hand opponent of the dealer (AKA pone)

4th seat:  Dealer

Off suit :  any suit but trump

Green suits :  either of the two suits that are the opposite color of trump

The kitty :  the stack of four cards left over after the deal is complete

The Bowers :  The Jack of the called trump suit is known as the 'right' bower, the Jack of the other suit that is the same color as the trump suit is known as the 'left' bower. These two cards are, respectively, the highest and second highest cards in any given hand.

Up-card :  The 21st card of the deal, AKA the turn card

First Round Bidding :  The round of naming trump that starts immediately after the cards are dealt and a card is turned up.

Second Round Bidding :  The round of ordering that starts immediately after each player passes and the up-card is turned down.

Trick :  The set of four cards played in succession. A trick is won by the highest trump played or, if no trumps are played, by the highest card played in the suit that was led. The winner of each trick leads the first card of the next trick.

Hand :  The set of five cards held by a player.

Cut card :  A card that is not use in play, but is used to cover the card on the bottom of the deck. A special cut card, or a joker can be used.

Trump cube :  A device containing , Hearts,Spades,Clubs and Diamonds pips. Used as an indictor of trump for any given hand.

Void :  Not holding any cards of a particular suit in your hand. (e.g., if you hold all hearts you are void in clubs, spades, and diamonds.)

Euchre :  Winning less than 3 tricks in a hand where your team declared constitutes a euchre. The opposing team scores 2 points.

Going alone :  Opting to play without your partner on a particular hand.

Renege :  Not following suit when one is able.

Table talk :  Any remark made during the game designed to give your partner information or prevent him from making a possible mistake.

Tramming :  (The rest are mine) Playing multiple winning cards in your hand at once. This is frowned upon as it leads to may problems: it can disguise a previous renege, it can be done in error if the "trammer" has not tracked the played cards correctly, and it can give clues to a hand when a player does not tram. To be avoided.

To keep the section below manageable, comments of general interest and older than 6 months
have been moved HERE

Here's what our viewers are saying

135 comments so far

According to Hoyle and Wikipedia, the dealer may pass a second time and then the deal passes to the next player.

Posted by Dave W.  on Saturday, 01.28.12 @ 08:28am| #20

Some people play by modified rules. "Stick the Dealer" is a common modified rule, where the dealer must make the call. A little more challenging ( or a playing tactic)

Posted by Richie  on Monday, 03.26.12 @ 11:52am| #57

If you're going to post rules, you might want to proofread. I found something wrong in almost every category of the Basic Partner Rules--spelling, verb tense, missing words, etc. and several items under the Advanced Rules. Seems to be a conflict as to whether, after everyone passes twice on bidding, the dealer may re-deal.

Posted by Graham  on Wednesday, 05.30.12 @ 11:46am| #92

No question my euchre skills trump my language skills. Once we get past June and the showdown tourney is over I will go back and try and fix my mistakes. Thank your for pointing these out. I hope you were able to see past these and enjoy the site.


Posted by Don  on Thursday, 06.14.12 @ 10:12am| #93

So Don,which is correct stick the dealer rule or not ?

Posted by Dino Nobilucci  on Friday, 12.14.12 @ 08:03am| #207

Stick the dealer helps speed the game up. In non tournament games, is normally determined before the start of the game.


Posted by Don  on Thursday, 12.27.12 @ 14:07pm| #306

Question: To order up a suit, must you have one of the same suit in your hand? The purpose is only to prevent the other team from bidding. It happened at cards today.

Posted by Carol  on Friday, 01.18.13 @ 14:24pm| #1694


There is no rule that says you have to hold a suit in your hand before you can bid in that suit.
I have written about this on the 'Books' page at the bottom
There are some situations where bidding without trump can be to your advantage. You will find info on this on the 'tips' page

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 01.19.13 @ 18:25pm| #1735

Nicely informative but just looking for no trump call

Posted by bonnie  on Friday, 01.25.13 @ 10:04am| #1739

A VERY good combination of rules, terminology, and comments - some I'd never been familiar with!

Posted by Robin McCormack  on Monday, 01.28.13 @ 13:19pm| #1740

What happens when the dealer turns down a suit and the someone names that suit as trump?

Posted by Robert  on Thursday, 01.31.13 @ 07:20am| #1742


In most friendly games they would be told to pick another suit. In a tournament it could be considered a penalty. The bidder would loose their bid.

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 01.31.13 @ 19:18pm| #1743

If I am the dealer and the person on the left of me asked me to pick up the card, can I pick it up and then discard it.

Posted by franco  on Monday, 02.25.13 @ 14:05pm| #1765

Yes, you can discard the pickup. ONce in a while it's the right move. Say if you had 4 aces and a green king. A nine of trump would be useless. It's also a great way to confuse your opponents.

Posted by Don  on Monday, 02.25.13 @ 14:13pm| #1766

Hello, I have a good question.this is for a 4 man game and Say I am " dealer" and I have just dealt. And the card that was flipped face up on top of the kitty was Jack of Spades.The first guy passes , then the next guy " my partner " tells me to pick up the Jack of Spades. After I " the dealer " pick up the Jack can I tell my partner who ordered me to pick it up to " stay at home " ?

Posted by robert  on Tuesday, 02.26.13 @ 11:46am| #1768

Once a partner orders up a card, they are the only one that can play alone. This is why I recommend that someone should only order the right into their partners hand if they hold three or more of that suit. The only time it would be correct to order with less than three would be if your team was at nine points and going for the win. While I'm on the subject, It is a good idea to pick up the right even if you only hold one other trump. You will then hold two possible tricks in your
hand. Just need your partner to get one for the point...

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 02.26.13 @ 12:21pm| #1769

great site. Considering trying a tournament at parish function this fall.

Posted by Paul  on Sunday, 03.17.13 @ 13:01pm| #1783

If the scoring team forgets to take their points and the next person deals, can they still take the points?

Posted by Jason  on Tuesday, 03.19.13 @ 03:36am| #1784

All point must be marked before the end of the next hand. Once the next point is made, any prior points made, but not marked up are forfeited.

It is up to each team to track their own points, and not up to the
opposition to remind them

Posted by Don  on Wednesday, 03.20.13 @ 22:37pm| #1984

What happens when the dealer turns down a suit and the someone names that suit as trump?
Posted by Robert on Thursday, 01.31.13 @ 07:20am | #1742
Under error in bidding ***If you are playing According to Hoyle the namer and his partner may NOT name trump for that hand.*** Keep up the good work Don, and I hope to see you in June. Excellent well run tourney last year.

Posted by Tom Kartovicky  on Thursday, 03.21.13 @ 01:07am| #1985

Hi Tom,

I think we are both saying the same thing. However your answer is written much clearer. Thanks...

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 03.21.13 @ 08:32am| #2182

I have played when the rule was that you could not lead trump unless that is all you had or trump had been played on a prior hand. I have also played when trump could be lead at any time. Which is correct. Thanks

Posted by Bill  on Thursday, 03.28.13 @ 08:01am| #2193

I had never heard of the rule of not being able to lead a trump. I did check, and it's not in any of the books I have. I'd have to say that it's some type of a local rule. The only rule is you must play the suit led if you can. You may lead any suit in your hand.

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 03.28.13 @ 10:47am| #2195

Can someone play the ace & the left bower at the same time, IF THEY DO NOT HOLD THE RIGHT BOWER. My husband says no, but how are you to know if your partner has it or its berried in the kitty? Is it ok to do this move to draw out other trump cards?

Posted by tom  on Sunday, 03.31.13 @ 08:47am| #2197

Are you asking if they can play both L+A by laying them down on the table at the same time? NO. At best, the second card would be considered a penalty card and have no value (It could no longer take a trick).
It is more likely it would be considered a play out of turn with the opposing team receiving 2 points.

BTW playing both bowers at the same time is also frowned apron, and considered very childish.

Play each card one at a time.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 03.31.13 @ 09:22am| #2198

Don, I dealt and turn up a 9 of Spades and I have no spades but have all the other ace's but no trump can I pickup that 9 of spades and hope my partner and I can get three tricks or all of them useing this poker hand.

Posted by John  on Wednesday, 04.3.13 @ 09:53am| #2200

Yes, You may pick up that nine. The chance of making a point may depend on if you partner is an aggressive or a timid bidder (after all he did pass)

Posted by Don  on Wednesday, 04.3.13 @ 11:51am| #2201

Thanks Don; I did pickup that 9 and my partner had both bowers and we got all the tricks, that's when the poop-hit-the-fan.Thanks for your judgement,they may let me play again.

Posted by John  on Wednesday, 04.3.13 @ 15:31pm| #2202

Does a player have to "make it" to go out, or can one get their 10 or 11 points from a Euchre ?

Posted by Alan  on Saturday, 04.20.13 @ 23:54pm| #2213

There is no requirement in euchre that says your have to bid to go out. It's the first team to reach 10 or more points. If your are at 8 points and the other team gets euchred... Well congratulations, you have just won.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 04.21.13 @ 07:02am| #2214

I had the Jack of Clubs. Jack of Spades turns up. I had no other spades in my hand. Major war broke out by opposition by saying I had no trump. I say I had trump when I put my hand on the pick up card. Am I wrong or was I playing with a poor loser when I managed to eke out the point?

Posted by Diana  on Monday, 04.22.13 @ 09:39am| #2215

Yes,I've been in a couple of those battles myself. THERE IS NO RULE IN EUCHRE THAT SAYS YOU HAVE TO HOLD A TRUMP IN YOUR HAND TO ORDER OR PICK UP A CARD. and those that say there is.. well prove it. No on-line euchre game plays like that, No major tournament does, it's not in any book on euchre rules.

This question comes up from time to time. All you can do is try an educate the uninformed.

Posted by Don   on Monday, 04.22.13 @ 11:00am| #2216

question ?? when playing 3 handed euchre can you deal cards 1 at the time to the dummy hand or must you throw them in all at the same time ?

Posted by Paul  on Monday, 04.29.13 @ 09:40am| #2224

Paul, The cards for the dummy (kitty) should be dealt in a group.
The only exception would be if the entire hand was dealt one at a time.

Posted by Don  on Monday, 04.29.13 @ 09:42am| #2225

when does a person have to declare farmers hand?

Posted by drew  on Monday, 04.29.13 @ 22:08pm| #2226

Nice site

Posted by Debbie Stropes  on Saturday, 06.1.13 @ 21:29pm| #2241

Is it common to play with bottoms? This involved a heated debate last night, whereas I have always played it that way and they have never heard of it.

Posted by Jeff Kuehl  on Sunday, 06.2.13 @ 13:26pm| #2244

By "bottoms" do you mean trade some of your cards in for the ones in the kitty?

Those type of rules are meant for those that are just learning to play.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 06.2.13 @ 18:47pm| #2245

What about partners best? Where does that come into play

Posted by Adam  on Monday, 06.10.13 @ 10:17am| #2248

Partner's Best is where a player that is going alone can exchange one or more cards with his partner.

As with the above answer, these type of rules are meant for those that are just learning to play. In adult Euchre, as in life, you play the cards your dealt.

Posted by Don  on Monday, 06.10.13 @ 10:49am| #2249

I like it. Beautiful answer to the partners best question Don. You must be part psychologist.

Posted by Tom Kartovicky  on Tuesday, 06.25.13 @ 16:46pm| #2259

I cannot show in a rule book, Don, but I can tell you that I have been playing euchre for 50 years (learned at my father's knee as a girl and played in many many bar and club tournaments in NE Ohio for a quarter a game a dollar a euchre--these were tournaments with old guys who had played for many years before me) and if you picked up or ordered w/o trump in your hand you would have been shown the door or more colorfully put--drawn back a stump:). Euchre is one of those games that people have sought to codify retroactively.

Posted by Lisa  on Monday, 07.1.13 @ 21:54pm| #2266


The fact that you can't show me in a rule book may be a hint. I'm sure you noticed as you were searching for the nonexistent rule, that these rule books cover every possible situation that comes up in a game, but yet you think they forgot to mention anything about needing a suit in your hand before calling that suit trump? It may just be possible that you are wrong.
And it may be possible that those that taught you were wrong.
Retroactive? There are books on this site that go back to the 1800's. They were some of the many sources of information that were used
in the formation of these rules.

You know, when I was young, my dad believed that you should eat a spoon full of Vicks Vapor Rub as a cure for a cold. Yet the company that manufacturers Vicks, says if ingested, Poison Control should be called immediately.

Sorry dad, you knew a lot about many things, but not everything about everything

Posted by Don  on Monday, 07.1.13 @ 22:42pm| #2268

Is the card considered played if the hand is still holding the card, and while the player is placing the card on the table, he/she realizes he/she would be guilty of a renege later if this card is played? Can the player pull the card back, replace it in his/her hand and play another card that follows suit? In other words, is the card considered played if the player's hand is still on the card enabling the player to pull it back? Is it of any consequence that all players saw the card's face? Thank you for your time, interest,and consideration.

Posted by Barb  on Thursday, 07.4.13 @ 22:18pm| #2986

This is another great question and I will be adding the answer to the 'Rare situations' section above

The key to answering this is in your last line. If the card has been
extended far enough that other players see what that card is, then the
card is considered as having been played.

Posted by Don  on Friday, 07.5.13 @ 08:51am| #2987

Thank you for your quick response, Don. I stayed up last night to read some of your "Tips Info," and much of what I read, I did not know. I hope I remember some of it when I get to play again; euchre is a fascinating game. I intend to read more "Tips Info" as it was too much for me to take in at only one sitting.

I am grateful for your site and that you take and answer questions. Thank you for having taken a great deal of time to set up and add to your site. You are thorough and state things clearly! Making clear statements about play and giving clear explanations are quite difficult. You and your efforts are appreciated!

Posted by Barb  on Friday, 07.5.13 @ 11:27am| #2988

Thanks for the kind words, I'm glad you find the site helpful.

I have found that the people that read a page or two, play a few games, then come back and reread those pages are the ones that get the most out of this site. Once someone is happy with the results, Take the next couple of pages and repeat

Posted by Don  on Friday, 07.5.13 @ 14:32pm| #2990

If my opponent reneges when playing it alone and still gets three tricks, they are considered euchred, do we get 2 points or 4 points on that set?

Posted by bob  on Tuesday, 07.9.13 @ 12:16pm| #2992

From standard Rule Set Above

RENEGE AGAINST a LONER: - the side which declares the loner, will score four points. If the declaring team reneges, the non offending team is awarded two points.

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 07.9.13 @ 12:23pm| #2993

if I'm the dealer and i turn up the 10 of hearts , i have the jack of hearts and the jack of diamonds in my hand can i pick up the 10 of hearts

Posted by glen  on Saturday, 07.13.13 @ 23:55pm| #2996

You sure can...

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 07.14.13 @ 12:46pm| #2997

when a hand is played and the cards are taken in by the winning team should those cards be turned over or left up? have been taught that the cards should be turned over after a hand is played.


Posted by Paul Green  on Monday, 07.15.13 @ 23:41pm| #2999


The cards should always be turned face down once the hand is complete. One of the main ability’s of a good card player is being able to remember what has been played. I talk more about this in the Tips section on counting cards

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 07.16.13 @ 08:25am| #3000

Referencing Posting # 2986/2987
Sorry Don but if I don't someone else may.
Assuming that we are playing according to Hoyle,
witch I believe we are, under irregularities, an exposed card
must be left face up on the table and
played at the first legal opportunity.
BTW I must say that I like your solution.
You are a great tournament director and run a
terrific tournament.

Posted by Tom Kartovicky  on Tuesday, 07.16.13 @ 20:31pm| #3001

Yes, most of these rules use Hoyle as a guideline. However, as the Hoyle rule implies that the an exposed card still has some value, a change was needed. In the situation above, allowing a player to show a card then place it back in their hand is just inviting cheating. Any exposed card gives away to much information. Rules have to adapt to assure fair play...

I hope you don't mind if I transfer your comment on ShowDown to the proper page

Posted by Don  on Wednesday, 07.17.13 @ 09:35am| #3002

This is an excellent summary of the game. There is one error under "Euchre Basics" in the first section titled "Dealing and Calling Trump". After the deal, the section reads: "The first player to the right of the dealer now has the option of naming the turned up trump." It is the player to the left of the dealer who starts the bidding.

Posted by Steve  on Tuesday, 08.6.13 @ 23:35pm| #3010

OPPS... Fixed
Thanks for pointing that out to me

Posted by Don  on Wednesday, 08.7.13 @ 13:30pm| #3011

Found your site very useful and most interesting.Was playing last night and the opponent reniges while I was playing a lone hand.Believe me I will show him the rules.Thank You

Posted by wellis  on Monday, 09.2.13 @ 09:05am| #3023

There is a place that I play that the rules say, if someone reneges, the hand is played over. Guess when most reneges happen...

Posted by Don  on Monday, 09.2.13 @ 09:31am| #3024

what are the rules if you are playing in a tourney and you are playing as individuals, not as partners?

Posted by Pete Kirley  on Monday, 09.16.13 @ 06:51am| #3028

These rules work equally well in partners and and individual events. Note that in an individuals event, The person successfully making a lone call gets 5 points, but their partner only gets four.

Posted by Don  on Monday, 09.16.13 @ 10:15am| #3029

Thanks for the info.

Posted by anita  on Sunday, 09.22.13 @ 22:10pm| #3034

I was playing in a tournament tonight and I had a crazy thing happen to me. The dealer was to my right and after I pasted the dealers partner to my left told the his partner the dealer to pick it up. On the last trick I noticed that I had two cards left. I looked at the dealers kitty and she had only three cards instead of four. I then said that we get two points or it's my deal. The tournament leader said the the team that called trump gets two points because I should have noticed that I had six cards. I freaked out. What should have happened?

Posted by Jeff Thomas   on Wednesday, 10.23.13 @ 20:42pm| #3053

The hand should have been declared void.

All misdeals are to be re-dealt. This is and always has been the rule regarding misdeals. See the section titled 'Euchre Books' The Law and Practice of the Game of Euchre (1862) law 10.

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 10.24.13 @ 09:04am| #3055

This site is great! Is stealing the deal against the rules?

Posted by Dave  on Monday, 11.25.13 @ 10:11am| #3079

Only if you get caught. Most times it's just part of the game.

Posted by Don  on Monday, 11.25.13 @ 10:28am| #3080

great site . I dream about hands like this

Posted by perk  on Monday, 12.16.13 @ 11:53am| #3092

What happens if the stolen deal is noticed before the hand is played?

Posted by Steve  on Sunday, 12.22.13 @ 01:36am| #3107

Hate it when that happens lol
The deal goes back to whoever should have dealt

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 12.22.13 @ 08:03am| #3108

Cant find this in any rules...once a trick is taken, I believe the cards must be turned down and cannot be looked at again, by any player. Can anyone confirm this rules?

Posted by Leslie  on Saturday, 01.4.14 @ 18:42pm| #3123

Yes, the cards have to be turned down till the end of the round

That should have been included in the rules a long time ago. Sorry that it wasn't, but it's fixed now.

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 01.4.14 @ 18:56pm| #3124

Thanks Don...the table is still arguing with me! But I'm sticking to my guns on this one.

Posted by Leslie  on Saturday, 01.4.14 @ 19:47pm| #3125

A question for a situation I can't find an answer to: If two players on opposing teams both renege in the same hand, what happens? Is the hand/round void? Is the player who first reneged at fault? Thanks,

Posted by Max  on Thursday, 01.23.14 @ 16:07pm| #3134

On the second round of bidding, my partner names a suit for trump and I see I have No Ace No face No Trump. Do I have to declare it or keep quiet and let my partner try to score?

Posted by Tom  on Tuesday, 02.4.14 @ 05:59am| #3140

I assume your playing where you re-deal if you hold "no ace no face' In second round you must have all ready looked at your cards as you passed first round. The deal stands as is. You don't get to see if your partner can bid then ask for re-deal if they can't. In most circles that have that rule, you must declare new deal before any bidding takes place.

A better way to play is that there is no re-deal except on a misdeal. You play what you get.

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 02.4.14 @ 10:02am| #3141

Renege during a loner
If the maker of trump is awarded four points for a renege,
the value of the renege has changed. Thus it follows that the opposing team should also receive four points if the maker of trump reneges

Posted by john  on Sunday, 02.9.14 @ 12:34pm| #3144

Your are correct and it has been changed to four points.

Posted by don  on Friday, 02.21.14 @ 14:47pm| #3150

I have a question. I've been told that it's an unwritten rule that you never trump your partner's ace, even if you have a person still to play after you. Is this true? This is one rule I keep getting preached at me, though I'm absolutely certain it's saved many a hand for my partner and me.

Posted by Cecilia  on Wednesday, 02.26.14 @ 14:08pm| #3155

Actually, It is a written rule in the The Commandments of Euchre. It is a rule that new players should follow. That being said, There are times when the correct play would be to trump your partners ace. Most times these would be when you could control the rest of the hand. Other times may be when your looking to change who has the lead. It can be a winning play as long as it is used correctly. Watch for a write-up on this subject coming this spring...

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 02.27.14 @ 09:10am| #3156

Question: How many lone hands are allowed in one game?

Posted by Lois  on Friday, 03.21.14 @ 18:51pm| #3184

The most lones possible would be 5. Two by the losing team and three by the winners. To the best of my knowledge, that game has yet to be played.

If we are talking about progressive, the most I have ever seem in one 8 round game is 5. The score at the end of the round was 22 to 1.
The only limit would be score or the number of rounds played...

Posted by Don  on Friday, 03.21.14 @ 19:28pm| #3185

We were playing at a family get together. I was told that I could not deal the cards one at a time. That it was the rule of Euchre to deal 2's and 3's. I said it was my choice. Was I wrong? I gave in to get along, but I wondered if it was an official rule?
2nd obstacle was our counters, we started using 2's and 3's as counters.
One of the family members said you had to use 5's, that 2's and 3's was a way to confuse and cheat. I gave in again,
chances are I will not play with these family members in the future.
Thank You

Posted by Coach  on Saturday, 04.26.14 @ 10:21am| #3208

In the United States, back in the early days, most rules would call for a deal of 2's and 3's, while in Canada most rules would call for a deal of one at a time. In today's modern world both methods are completely acceptable and both are used in euchre events world wide. It is generally accepted that the same method of deal should be used during the entire game.

As I'm sure your aware 2's and 3' were the standard score keepers back in the old days, when euchre was played to 5 points. As the game changed and was played to ten point a method was devised to still use 2's + 3's to show scores to 10 points. In some circles 6's and 4's are used in others 5's and 5's. All are acceptable.
A possible solution here may be to use one of our custom made score keepers available to the store section

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 04.26.14 @ 11:14am| #3209

We are running a euchre party /tournament down under in Australia using a king table format can you find any rules showing this format.
i.e winners on the king table sit and don't change partners losers move 1 to their partners chair 1 to the next table. Which means if like last night I and my partner (even though it is a singles situation) cannot be beaten on the night by people who have to change partners. YES I know ! Sore winners syndrome but I feel it unfair to everyone else but spent the rest of the night and half of today googling and cannot find any rules on this format .
I am 68 & have played in these parties when in my school days but Al Symers wont let me remember the rules when trying to run a great nights entertainment would be appreciative if you could find rules for this format thanks..

Posted by John Linnane  on Saturday, 06.21.14 @ 22:41pm| #3223

Hi Don...Great Site....Q.A player pauses at length at their parteners turned up card and then the partener (dealer) picks up the card. Should this not be an automatic miss deal?

Posted by Larry  on Tuesday, 07.1.14 @ 08:44am| #3225

The simple answer is Yes, it should be re-dealt, as it always gives some information to the partner. Hesitations or delays in bidding are always a problem. Sometimes there is a very fine line between what is acceptable and what is not. Social games tend to be more forgiving.

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 07.1.14 @ 10:28am| #3226

Dealer picks up turned up card and says nothing for about 20 seconds. My partner is arranging cards, and before he plays, dealer says I'm going alone. I call foul, but dealer says he can do that because no card has been played yet. Could you offer your opinion please?

Posted by Mike  on Tuesday, 07.15.14 @ 10:19am| #3240

That's a tough one to answer. On the surface I would have to say the bid was OK.
No one that plays euchre likes any type of delay.
Depending on the players history with such bids, I would say a warning
about hesitation may be appropriate. (also see the above post.)

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 07.15.14 @ 12:01pm| #3241

always played where you had to have a natural to order or pick up. lone bar in your hand isn't trump till the other bar is in your hand. some play differently. your rules for wrong number of cards being dealt have two different answers. once the top of the kitty is turned up the dealer loses his deal if the number is wrong. Are some of these rules from another country, such as Europe? Dealer was completely in the right. When other team picks it or is ordered by his partner, my lead hits the table, after the discard, to prevent " alone ."

Posted by steven  on Saturday, 08.23.14 @ 11:00am| #3267

what is the hoyle's rule on ordering up your partner? Does that mean you have to go alone or does your partner play along with you?

Posted by carol  on Wednesday, 10.8.14 @ 13:24pm| #3280

Whats the penalty for someone who calls a renege and demands to see the cards, when one did not occur?

Posted by elliot  on Saturday, 11.22.14 @ 08:09am| #3292

Carrol, In a standard euchre game, you do not need to go alone when ordering your partner. In Canada and some other parts of the world, there is a variation of euchre where one must play alone when ordering partner

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 11.22.14 @ 09:13am| #3293

Elliot, In most social games, an incorrect renege call is overlooked. In competitive games, a two point penalty may be imposed

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 11.22.14 @ 09:25am| #3294

If my partner orders up trump, am I allowed to go alone; in the standard set of rules?

Posted by Dave  on Saturday, 11.29.14 @ 07:01am| #3295

No, Once someone orders up a suit no-one else can go alone. This is why it's not a good idea to order the right into your partners hand with only 2 small trump in yours.

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 11.29.14 @ 07:07am| #3296

Question: assuming diamonds is trump, hearts is led and my partner is winning the trick and all I have is the jack of hearts and 2 off suite cards am I required to play the jack? I know that in the scenario in which diamonds are trump, someone leads with a diamond and all I have is the jack of hearts I am required to play the jack as it is considered the trump suite.

This was a big family fight, please help!


Posted by Chad  on Saturday, 12.20.14 @ 00:24am| #3306

Once s suit is named trump, the other suit of the same color now only has 5 cards. 9-10-Q-K-A. In the case you presented, the jack of hearts is considered a diamond and no longer a considered a heart. Therefor on a heart lead you would not need to use it.

Posted by Don  on Saturday, 12.20.14 @ 06:22am| #3307

Great, thank you for the insight.

Posted by Chad  on Saturday, 12.20.14 @ 07:09am| #3308

After a round of passes, my opponent names Diamonds and plays the Right. I have the Left unguarded when suddenly the 9 of Clubs accidentally drops from my hand. Do the rules force me to play the 9 of Clubs for that trick? If yes, will playing the Left in a future trick result in an automatic renege?

Posted by Steve  on Tuesday, 12.23.14 @ 14:27pm| #3313

From the info above:
* If a Card falls out of a hand, the card is left on the table and played at the first legal opportunity. The card has no value and cannot take a trick.

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 12.23.14 @ 14:50pm| #3314

Family get together the opponent picked the right bower. In jest I said I would bet him x$ that he would take at least trick. His son recommended he take the bet then renege in play and that way the hand is over and I would lose the bet because he would lose the bid. I agreed he would lose the bid but he would still take a trick. The rules do not say the hand cannot still be played it just says the if the bidder is the offender than the bidder loses his bid and the offended gets 2 its. It does not say the hand must not still be played out even though there is no chance for the bidder to win the hand can still be played…correct?

Posted by Bill  on Friday, 12.26.14 @ 09:13am| #3318

* If a renege is alleged, any team member has the right to look back at any previously played hand, he must however, wait until the hand in play is complete.
Therefore, with it being required that the hand is played out, at some point the right would have to be played and would take a trick.

Posted by Don  on Friday, 12.26.14 @ 14:08pm| #3319

Question: I was playing a stick the dealer game. I was the dealer. Everyone passed twice so I had to make it. I was euchred and discovered that the person to my right had both bowers of the suit I had called. I asked why she didn't call it. She said it was because she had the 2 jacks but no other of the jack suits. Do you have to have at least 1 additional card of the same suit as the 2 bowers to call it?

Posted by Nancy  on Sunday, 12.28.14 @ 20:14pm| #3321

Calling from 3rd seat with just two jacks is very risky. I talk about this on the 'when to bid' page.

Yes, the cards can be cruel at times.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 12.28.14 @ 20:30pm| #3322

So you can call with 2 bowers and no other suit? It's not illegal, just risky?

Posted by Nancy  on Sunday, 12.28.14 @ 20:31pm| #3323

Yes, Sometimes it may work, sometimes not

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 12.28.14 @ 20:42pm| #3324

Thank you. 3rd seat (aka my mom) was trying to say she wasn't allowed to call it. I couldn't find an answer online so I posted to your site. I haven't played euchre in over 10 years, but I'm enjoying getting back into it. Wishing I knew the finer points, though.

Posted by Nancy  on Sunday, 12.28.14 @ 20:54pm| #3325

Great site. We had a tournament at the house the other night, and as usual my brother-in-law questioned everything. By studying your site and having your set of rules printed out, I was able to shut his mouth and we had a wonderful time!

Posted by Gary  on Monday, 12.29.14 @ 13:21pm| #3327

Can you request a new deck of cards during a tournament?

Posted by Makohl11  on Wednesday, 01.7.15 @ 12:52pm| #3343

That would have to be up to the tournament director.

Posted by Don  on Wednesday, 01.7.15 @ 14:25pm| #3344

If partner leads left bower, I have right and another trump, must I overtrump?

Posted by jim Balogh  on Tuesday, 02.24.15 @ 13:32pm| #3374

No, no need to. It's best to wait and use your right to take a trick latter in the hand.

Posted by Don  on Tuesday, 02.24.15 @ 13:41pm| #3375

When can I look at my cards or hand?
I was told last-night, it was not proper for me look at my hand before the dealer had a chance to count the remaining 4 cards (insuring no misdeal).
I claimed it made no difference and could look as they came to me.

Posted by Frank  on Sunday, 06.14.15 @ 09:11am| #3417

You should be able to look at your cards anytime prior to when it's your turn to bid.
Some players like to wait till the last second, and others want to see them as they are dealt
Either way is fine

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 06.14.15 @ 19:04pm| #3418

After a round of passes, I named clubs trump and lead the right at the same time saying "alone". Player 2 then said "I go alone against you". Do I get to retrieve and change my lead or is "a card laid, a card played"? If I hadn't lead must player 2 declare his intentions before I lead or can he wait until I lead?

Posted by Russ  on Saturday, 06.27.15 @ 08:40am| #3421

Another point to above question. Does my lead void his opportunity to go alone against me.

Posted by Russ  on Saturday, 06.27.15 @ 08:47am| #3422

Any opinion to the loner dilemma?

Posted by Russ  on Thursday, 07.2.15 @ 13:03pm| #3432

To be honest, no. Defending a lone is not a part of any event I've ever been involved with. Perhaps others could chime in and offer their opinion.

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 07.2.15 @ 20:05pm| #3433

Clarification needed please regarding "If a card falls out of a hand face-up" found under IRREGULARITIES NOT COVERED. It says card has no value but then goes on to say if card is used in subsequent lead, then others have to follow suit. To clarify, if I go to throw right bower on a trick and a green Ace also falls from my hand, will that green Ace I leave on table as lead for next trick win the trick if no one trumps in?

Posted by Jack  on Wednesday, 07.8.15 @ 15:20pm| #3437

minor issue, but last item under IRREGULARITIES NOT COVERED, I think you mean TRICK and not HAND.

Posted by Jack  on Wednesday, 07.8.15 @ 15:28pm| #3438

Fixed, Thanks....

Posted by Don  on Thursday, 07.9.15 @ 10:35am| #3439

I understand the scoring on Euchre. However, I have played with many people who say "Alone" and get set. Why are they not penalized 4 points? Seems to me they should get penalized the same amount of points that they are trying to get by going alone.

Posted by Richard  on Friday, 07.31.15 @ 15:48pm| #3452

The best way I can answer is a quote from the book 'The Game of Euchre' by John W. Keller, written in 1887

Some Euchre players hold that when a player playing alone is euchred, the opposing side should be entitled to score four points. This is not fair on its face, for the player playing alone must take five tricks in order to score four points, whereas it requires only three tricks for the combined strength of his adversaries to euchre him.

Posted by Don  on Friday, 07.31.15 @ 16:58pm| #3453

Are there rules for who leads after a loner is called? Is it still left of dealer, even if that person is the one to call the loner? Seems like I've heard the term "left of loner", meaning the person to the left of the loner would have opportunity to lead first.

Posted by Steve  on Tuesday, 11.3.15 @ 07:20am| #3488

It was dumped on me and I called trump. I looked at my cards. The player on my right led a card. I said I was "going alone" about the same time his card hit the table. He said I was too late to call a "loner". Really??? This was social play.

Posted by Don McCoy  on Tuesday, 12.1.15 @ 15:27pm| #3508

It is always the player left of the dealer that leads first. calling alone does not change that

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 12.6.15 @ 10:28am| #3519

In social games there always seems to be the one player that want to play hardcore when it is to their advantage. Sometimes players need to be reminded this is a social setting. With that being said, if the card led helped someone make their lone call. Say they happened to have the ace. then I would have to see the exact timing as guidance to give the correct answer.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 12.6.15 @ 10:44am| #3520

This is a re-post from another page. Please try and ask questions on the appropriate page
My partner deals the cards and turns up Queen of Clubs, which the person left of her passes, as I pass as well. But the player right of the dealer, "states" Diamonds. Upon realizing his error by not passing of the still turned up Queen of Clubs first, and stating his preferred trump, he tosses his cards into the middle of the table face up, assuming this will end this hand?? What is the rule in this situation
Posted by Duane on Sunday, 11.1.15 @ 05:04am| #3487
=========== Answer:
In all but the most relaxed settings, this would be a 2 point penalty.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 12.6.15 @ 10:48am| #3521

When dealing, and after everyone has passed, do the rules say you need to have a trump in your hand to pick up the card turned up? Then second part of the question, is the left bower considered a trump at that point. In other words , can you pick up with just the left in your hand?

Posted by Tom  on Sunday, 01.3.16 @ 07:22am| #3549

No, there is no such rule. You may pick up or name trump even if you do not hold that suit in your hand.

Posted by Don  on Sunday, 01.3.16 @ 07:41am| #3550

I know stealing the deal is legal, but never has a good outcome in a tournament,, What about stealing points. Is it just an old wives tale or is stealing points legal, if so and you get caught, what is the penalty??

Posted by Steve Riorden  on Monday, 01.25.16 @ 11:33am| #3561

By stealing points I assume you mean things like marking two points when you only got one. Bumping score cards and so-on. That is called cheating, plain and simple.

Posted by Don  on Monday, 01.25.16 @ 14:45pm| #3562

I like another postee have been playing Euchre for almost 50 years and until I down loaded a Euchre app had never realized the widely accepted scoring method. We always played to 21 with each trick counting as a point unless you were Euchred then the caller lost 5 points (set) and the defenders kept all tricks as points and vice versa if the defender did not take one trick they were set losing 5 points. I find it a lot more fun a requires a different type of strategy.

Posted by Brad Peyton  on Monday, 02.1.16 @ 11:48am| #3565

Are you allowed to ask what trump is in the middle of already playing?

Posted by Angel  on Tuesday, 03.29.16 @ 08:35am| #3604

Steve, Don--

My Hoyle book says, "If the maker plays alone, the opening lead is made by the opponent at his left."

This rule is disregarded by many, but I like it. Life is too easy for loners when they have a powerhouse hand AND the opening lead.

Posted by Andy  on Friday, 04.1.16 @ 22:23pm| #3605

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